If you are about to graduate and are very insecure about the completion of course work, do not panic: we will show you how to do a monograph in a few steps that can greatly facilitate the fluidity of your work.
How much is at stake, this theme usually generates enough anxiety. But there is no reason to fear. All of your years of study, of course, have prepared you to elaborate this scientific article that involves a lot of research and planning.
As tedious as details are, as the norms and standards that your monograph must follow, the productive process need not be a nightmare. Pay attention to the following tips!
How to make a monograph
1. Choose a relevant topic
You will devote a lot of time and effort to this project. So it is necessary that the subject addressed really arouse your interest. Imagine spending months searching deeply for a topic you hate? This will only make the process even more painful.
In addition to being to his liking, the theme also needs to be relevant to the academic community. That is, you need to bring out something innovative. This is not to say that your research needs to be unprecedented for relevance, but it is important, at least, to bring new perspectives to subjects already studied by others.
So before hitting the hammer on the subject, it is important to look for what has already been or is being produced on it. In addition to preventing you from choosing an approach that has already been studied, this also helps you find out if there is material available to serve as a source for your research.
Remember also the more specific your topic, the more chances of success you will have during the investigative process.
2. Think carefully about choosing the counselor
The teacher who will guide you through the monograph journey can make the process more natural or more painful. So, carefully evaluate who you will set to guide your monograph. Choose someone with whom you have a certain affinity or at least a respectful relationship.
Most important of all, of course, is that the advisor acts in the area of the theme that will be developed. This should be your first criterion in choosing. Also assess whether the chosen teacher is someone available to make constructive criticisms and suggest approaches. To find out this, one tip is to talk to students who have already been previously targeted by whom you want to choose.
3. Caprice in the pre-project
A job of this size needs planning, and it is in the pre-research project that you will define important points such as the study schedule. For its monograph to go ahead, this preliminary project must be approved in advance by its advisor. At this stage, it is time to delimit the research problem and explain why it is relevant and deserves to be studied. That is, you will already be thinking about the justification of the monograph.
It is also through the pre-project that you show the evaluators who knows how to follow up on your research, exposing the chosen methodology and gathering bibliographic references that will base your project in the future. It’s your chance to show that your idea is viable.
4. Research in depth
Theoretical background is one of the keys to how to make a monograph. Therefore, it is important to read other authors who may bring relevant information in solving the problem presented by you. It is from this information that you build your argument.
Books, theses, monographs, articles, documentaries, magazines and newspapers can be used as a source. In the midst of the digital age, a great research partner has been Google Scholar. The search tool allows you to find academic publications on any subject according to the keywords used.
In this research process, it is fundamental to check the credibility of the source found. Also remember to consult your advisor. It can point gaps and indicate works that will fill them, helping you to put the search in the right direction.
5. Respect the monograph structure
It’s time to write. At this point, you need to keep in mind that the monograph is a model that already has a predefined structure.
In the introduction, you will address the delimitation of the topic, the problem, and the general and specific goals. Already the development is divided in theoretical referential, in which you will present a panorama of how the subject is currently; methodology, which explains the methods applied and the tools used; and research / results, when the data raised by your research is presented.
The conclusion is the great closing, in which you must inform the reader whether the objectives have been achieved or not, and what is the lesson taken from it. Everything must be written in a clear and direct, and always with theoretical support. At the end, it is also mandatory to insert bibliographical references. Depending on the particularities of your work, other optional items, such as appendices and glossaries, may appear.
6. Pay attention to ABNT standards from the beginning
Writing from the first sentence following the rules of ABNT (Brazilian Association of Technical Norms) can save you a lot of headache when reviewing the monograph. So, already let your Word fully configured in the standards, before you even start typing.
– Some formatting requirements are:
- – do not write in first person;
- – insert quotations in foreign languages in italics;
- – use font Arial or Times New Roman of size 12;
- – set paragraphs with 1.5 spacing;
- – justify citations to the right, in italics, with font size 10;
- – use A4 paper size;
- – enumerate pages only from the introduction, however, in addition to the previous ones.
The monograph is the final seal of your graduation, the last chance to prove your knowledge. A well-done job has the power to impress the evaluating bank (made up of experienced teachers), to bring academic prestige and to reverberate positively in the professional life that begins to be constructed.
It can open many doors both in the job market and in the gym, which can be a difference if you are interested in pursuing your studies and studying for a master’s degree.